What is black body in physics?
Black body radiation is electromagnetic radiation that falls within the visible spectrum. It has a characteristic wavelength, which is related to its thermal energy.
What is black body radiation?
Black body radiation is the type of radiation that a body emits when it is heated to its thermal equilibrium state. This occurs when the Temperature of the body is equal to the energy released by its atoms or molecules in their most excited state.
Black body radiation is mostly composed of photons, particles with no mass and therefore have high energy.
What are the three types of radiation produced by a black body?
Black body radiation is the name of the three types of radiation produced when an object absorbs energy from the sun or other radiant source. The three types of black body radiation are: thermal, electromagnetic, and X-ray.
Thermal radiation is the type of radiation that we feel most commonly during daytime hours. It comprises waves with shorter wavelengths (red, orange, yellow, etc.) and heats objects it touches.
Electromagnetic radiation is made up of waves with longer wavelengths (blue, indigo, violet) and travels through space as a wave. X-rays are made up of waves with the longest wavelength (gamma rays) and travel through space as a particle.
How does the Temperature of a black body affect the radiation it emits?
A black body is a perfect thermodynamic object that radiates heat energy constantly and independently. The temperature of the black body determines the spectrum of radiation from a black body.
To understand how the Temperature of a black body affects the radiation it emits, one must first understand what happens to energy when it is absorbed or released by an object.
When absorbed, it is converted into thermal energy and stored within the object. This process can be seen with hot objects such as pans on stovetops. Once the pan reaches a certain temperature, the heat will radiate outwards until it has been fully released.
On the other hand, when energy is released, it goes through this same process but reversely. The thermal energy will convert into light and sound waves, which are emitted from an object.
The Temperature of a black body greatly impacts its spectrum of radiation because, at higher temperatures, more thermal energy is available to be converted into light and sound waves.
This means that at high temperatures, specific portions of the electromagnetic spectrum will be more prominent than at lower temperatures.
For example, if you placed a metal object in front of a fire, you would see that the metal becomes very hot but does not emit any light or sound waves. However, if you were to place the same metal object in front of an ice cube, you would see that it starts to emit light.
What are the important properties of black body radiation?
Black body radiation is the universal thermal emission spectrum of all matter that absorbs and emits light at discrete frequencies characteristic of its Temperature. The name derives from the black body radiator, an idealized physical system that radiates heat uniformly in all directions.